How to get patent protection in other countries?
Patents are territorial rights, so patent protection is valid only in the country or region that patent protection application has been filed. To obtain patent protection in every country, you need to file a patent application in that country.
There are only a few exceptions when with a single application the patent is granted in several countries at once:
- European Patent Office (EPO) issues European patents according to the rules of the European Patent Convention (EPC). However, after the patent is granted it still must be validated in each contracting state. Currently, there are 38 contracting states.
- European Patent Office (EPO) is negotiating the issue of a Unitary patent between EU Member States. Unitary Patents will make it possible to get patent protection in up to 26 EU Member States by submitting a single request to the EPO, making the procedure simpler and more cost effective for applicants. The start of the new system is currently expected for the first half of 2019.
- Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO) grants a single patent that is valid in Turkmenistan, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Tajikistan, Russia, the Azerbaijan Republic, the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Armenia.
- The African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) route allows filing a single application to a central office for the issue of a patent having multiple-effect protection extended to the number of contracting states. The contracting states are: Botswana, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
- The Organisation Africaine de la Propriété Intellectuelle (OAPI) (English: African Intellectual Property Organization). Patent applications must be filed at the OAPI office. Alternatively, member states may require that applicants domiciled in the territory of a member state must first file the application with the national administration.